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L'Utopie
L'Utopie
L'Utopie
Livre électronique157 pages6 heures

L'Utopie

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Pamphlet virulent dirigé contre la société anglaise d'Henri VIII et construction imaginaire proposant en contrepoint l'image d'une société idéale, L'Utopie, publiée en 1516, est la célebre contribution de l'humaniste chrétien Thomas More au débat philosophique sur les finalités du politique. Ami d'Érasme, dénonçant avec lui les égarements de l'Église et de l'État, More espere, en dressant le tableau de la cité idéale, rappeler a chacun, gouvernants ou gouvernés, la voie du Bien commun. L'inégalité des richesses et l'intolérance religieuse sont les principales cibles de sa critique.
A quoi bon l'utopie ? A force de faire des concessions a l'ordre des choses sous prétexte de réalisme et d'efficacité la réflexion politique finit par perdre toute référence a l'idéal et aux valeurs. Une "utopie" (le mot inventé par More signifie, par ses racines grecques, "lieu qui n'existe pas") n'est donc pas une attitude naive : symptôme d'une crise morale, elle est aussi et surtout une tentative pour renvoyer une société a ce qu'elle attend d'elle-meme. Un reve, oui, mais pour affermir la volonté politique.

LangueFrançais
ÉditeurBooklassic
Date de sortie29 juin 2015
ISBN9789635256181
L'Utopie
Auteur

Thomas More

Thomas More (1478-1535) was an English lawyer, judge, philosopher, statesman, and humanist. Born in London, he was the second of six children born to Sir John More and his wife Agnes. From 1490 to 1492, he served as household page for Archbishop of Canterbury John Morton, who introduced him to Renaissance humanism and nominated him for a spot at the University of Oxford. After two years of learning Latin and Greek, he left to study law and was called to the Bar in 1502. Two years later, he was elected to Parliament, launching his political career in earnest. In 1516, while serving as Privy Counsellor, More published Utopia, a work of political philosophy and social satire that describes the customs of a fictional island nation. After a series of prominent posts in the court of King Henry VIII, More succeeded Thomas Wolsey as Lord Chancellor in 1529, making him one of the most powerful men in England. His three-year reign was mired in controversy, as he worked to impede the influence of the Protestant Reformation through the persecution of heretics and the suppression of Lutheran books, especially the Tyndale Bible. In 1530, he refused to sign a letter to Pope Clement VII that sought to annul Henry’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon, damaging his relationship with the King and distancing himself from clergymen loyal to the crown. After resigning in 1532, he further enraged the King by refusing to attend the coronation of Anne Boleyn, leading to a series of charges orchestrated by Thomas Cromwell. His refusal to take the Oath of Supremacy, which recognized the King as the figurehead of a new Church of England, would culminate in his being found guilty of high treason in 1535. Five days after his trial by jury, More was beheaded at Tower Hill. Recognized as a martyr by the Catholic Church, he was canonized as a saint in 1935 by Pope Pius XI.

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